Till, signaling Future North
04.26.2013, 11:36 am
Filed under: Uncategorized

Glacial till: the product of relentless grinding, pushing, pulverizing, mashing, sitting, sliding, waiting, flowing, advancing and retreating— repeating.

till_linegoogle map of Long Island and Cape Cod

Over the next several months we will document and creatively traverse the piles of glacial till that the Laurentide ice sheet left in its wake a couple thousand years ago. We’ll start in our own backyard, specifically between Brooklyn and the tip of Cape Cod. We have tentatively named the project Till.

If you look at a map of Long Island and look off the tip to the east, you’ll soon run into a small, curious place called Block Island. If you keep heading east/northeast from there, you encounter Martha’s Vineyard and Nantucket, and wind up the arm of Cape Cod. This arc of islands and landscapes are the tilled glacial aftermath of the Pleistocene. We’re interested in stitching together these seemingly disparate landscapes and cultures by seeing them through their Pleistocene-inflected past.

orientptferry unloading at Orient Point, NY, image FOP 2013

ferry ride to Shelter Island, image FOP 2013, from Till.

We already started the project by tracing the terminal till while driving from Brooklyn eastward on the Long Island Expressway, which uses the spine of the Long Island moraine as its support. We took a short ferry ride to Shelter Island, a relatively small pile of glacier-plowed till tucked between Long Island’s north and south East End tips. You can take a three-minute time-lapse journey with us to Shelter Island and watch the Orient Point ferry disembark on Vimeo.


Shelter Island highlighted in red, “Geology of Long Island” map by Dr. J. Bret Bennington

This summer and fall we’ll extend our documentation to Block Island, and the Cape Cod and the Islands. Cape Cod’s Route 6 also follows the crest of  a moraine up until things grind to a halt at the sandy tip of Provincetown.

We plan for Till to be hybrid journey, based both in fiction and in reality. We’re interested in exploring how the force and event-ness of the ice sheet, long retreated, lingers as a force that shapes daily life and senses of place today. Contemporary cultural and economic realities, such as the taste of North Fork wine and its emergence as a major activity on Long Island, is a direct result of the Pleistocene. In some ways, Till is similar to our 2010 project Below the Line, which required us to project our imaginations 20,000 years into the past as we scouted Utah for the present day traces of the once massive, but presently extinct, Lake Bonneville.

Till also links up with a forthcoming smudge project that will include places where geo-bio dynamics of the Pleistocene are less imaginary and more material, even today.  Next spring we’ll be based in Oslo as guest researchers for a project called Future North.  This provocative project is supported by the Norwegian Research Council and is managed by Making the Geologic Now contributor Janike Kampevold Larsen, and based at the Oslo School of Architecture and Design. Future North considers the changing environments of the deep north and will include excursions to locations such as Vardø, Svalbard, Murmansk and Tromsø.

Pleistocene ice once connected sites such as Long Island to the far northern regions of the planet. As the material traces of those connections recede further and further, new forces are set into motion by the emerging conditions of the Anthropocene. Through our work on Till and Future North, we will develop field-based projects that attempt to aesthetically respond to the rapidly changing environments of the north. We hope to develop aesthetic relays that invite audiences to experience what is near (i.e. “here,” New York/Cape Cod) and what seems far (i.e. “there,” the European/Scandinavian Arctic North) as being directly related by diverse and highly consequential material connections (past, present, and future).

Weichsel-Würm-GlaciationThe Weichselian ice sheet over Scandinavia, image wikicommons


Change Swarm
04.05.2013, 9:52 pm
Filed under: Uncategorized

This past week, a number of FOP-worthy topics passed through our hands, feeds and email in-boxes.  Here’s a sampling, selected for their creative or literal engagements with time, forces of change and design practices.

slideWhidbey Island, image Ted S. Warren/Associated Press

1)  It’s likely that you’ve already heard about the recent landslide on Whidbey Island in Washington State.  The equivalent of 40,000 dump-truck loads of earth suddenly went tumbling towards the Puget Sound (incredibly no one was injured). What’s most remarkable to us is that this “deep-seated” slide apparently had been unfolding in slow motion since 2002 — and is part of a “landscape complex” that dates to 11,000 years ago. It’s said that this longer than usual time frame made the eventual outcome oddly predictable, but not the exact moment that the slip would occur. The tale end of a several thousand year old event suddenly became visible through this landslide, and time became dramatically “material” and sensible.

NamieNamie, Japan on Google Street View

2)  Across the Pacific Ocean, Google Maps is taking on an overtly cultural project in its Street View documentation of the town of Namie, Japan. Namie exists within the mandated exclusion zone adjacent to the Fukushima Daiichi plant, and it’s the first town inside the zone to be documented by Google. The mayor of Namie invited Google to tour the city with its 360-degree view camera, on behalf of the 21,000 evacuated residents. Now, they and other people around the world can see online what they can’t visit in person.  Though the street views will be updated on occasion, they still leave those who know these streets best eerily locked outside, viewing their neighborhoods and homes from the street, through a view that is frozen, until the next Google car passes through. The interiors of familiar buildings and homes are left to imagination and memory, and there is no estimated timeline for when, if ever, residents will be able to return home. This week the President of TEPCO, Naomi Hirose, acknowledged the human-designed reality of the Fukushima accident, stating on record that, “We [TEPCO] need to sincerely accept the outcome that we were not able to prevent an accident that should have been prevented by making preparations.” Additionally, Yukihiro Higashi, an Iwaki Meisei University engineering professor who is on a government nuclear regulatory panel overseeing Fukushima Dai-ichi safety has said, We learned that it only takes one rat, not even an earthquake or tsunami, to paralyze the plant.” 

Ito_homeToyo Ito, “Home for All”project via Domus

3) Last week we picked up a copy of recent Pritzker Prize winner Toyo Ito’s new book, published by Princeton Architectural Press, entitled Forces of Nature. We’ve been following Ito’s work closely after reading his remarkable “Postscript” to the 2011 book Project Japan: Metabolism Talks. We hoped the Forces of Nature would be a bold moving forward with the ideas Ito expressed in Project Japan. Such as,

“The media often uses the phrase ‘beyond assumption’ for the [Fukushima] disaster, meaning that its force was beyond architectural requirements. But I can’t help sensing a more fundamental disruption between our norm and the reality. I think we design things in a mechanical manner as a ‘complete machine,’ complying with nature defined in quantities or abstract definitions; we do not engage with the natural environment as something constantly affected by the varying forces of ground, sea, or wind.” – Toyo Ito from “Postscript” in Project Japan

But Forces of Nature’s primary focus appears to be documentation of Ito’s earlier works, and his 2009 public lecture at Princeton. The final pages of the book briefly reference Ito’s current work in Fukushima to design homes for evacuees and provide much needed communal spaces that lessen the stress of cramped and challenging shelter life. In an online search, we found this Domus article, which include an interview with Ito about his Home for All project.

* A supplementary reference for those interested (and for those who speak Japanese) is Sion Sono’s Land of Hope, available for viewing on for free. Land of Hope is credited as being the “world’s first fictional film about the 3/11-related nuclear power plant meltdown.”


crossRequiem for Fossil Fuels, viaO + A

4) For your listening pleasure, we recommend tuning in to “Requiem for Fossil Fuels,” recently re-featured on WNYC radio. The creators of the piece, Bruce Odland and Sam Auinger, also known as O + A, say of their work, “There come times in life when the passing of great events requires formal acknowledgment to assist in their comprehension. As we face the passing of our fossil fuel dependent way of life, we hope to gain insight by examining the sounds of our culture through the lens of the Requiem Mass.”



5) It’s rare for us to recommend fiction on FOP.  This might actually be the first time.  But Ruth Ozeki’s new novel, A Tale for the Time Being strikes us as worthy. This book admirably traverses the blurry boundaries between reality and fiction, autobiography and imagination — making it all the more powerful. Ozeki’s characters (one based on a remote island in British Columbia and one based in Japan) are bound by potent connections set into motion by vast earth forces (ocean currents, earthquakes, tsunamis). We loved the ease with which Ozeki merges, and makes accessible, the vastness of both geologic time and Zen Buddhist notions of time. In full disclosure, we’re thrilled that Friends of the Pleistocene and Oliver Kellhammer’s compelling essay and project “NeoEocene,” included in Making the Geologic Now, are woven into the narrative threads of Ruth’s remarkable book.

6) Two bonus notes:  The cicadas are coming—and it’s going to be noisy! It’s been 17 years since the last brood resurfaced in the New York region. Get your media ready. Finally, it seems that the 5.7 earthquake that occurred in central Oklahoma two years ago most likely resulted from the pumping of wastewater from oil production into deep wells. Read more on the NY Times online.